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URI permanente para esta coleçãohttps://locus.ufv.br/handle/123456789/11850

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    Liquid-liquid equilibria in aqueous two-phase ethanol/salt systems at different temperatures and their application to anthocyanins extraction
    (Food Science and Technology, 2019-05-16) Sampaio, Fábio Coelho; Caldeira, Ana Clara Rocha; Converti, Attilio; Lima, William James Nogueira; Faria, Janaína Teles de
    Aqueous two-phase systems (ATPS) are formed by mixtures of chemical species that, under certain conditions, separate into two immiscible phases, with water as the major component in global terms and, at lower concentrations, polymers, salts, ionic liquids and alcohols, depending on the system type. Different parameters influence ATPS equilibrium such as temperature, alcohol carbon chain size, salt type, pH, etc. The present work aimed to obtain the binodal curves for ATPS made up of ethanol, sodium citrate/ammonium sulfate and water at different temperatures (15, 25 and 35 °C) as well as to evaluate the potential of the ethanol/ammonium sulfate system in anthocyanins partition. The results showed that the increase in temperature did not alter the biphasic region in the temperature range investigated, not influencing the formation of phases. Nonlinear equations were satisfactorily fitted to binodal curves data, except for sodium citrate-containing ATPS at 15 °C. Higher concentration of the overall mixture resulted in longer tie-line of ammonium sulphate-containing ATPS. Higher values ​​of partition coefficient and recovery yield of Syzygium cumini fruit anthocyanins were obtained at longer tie-lines.
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    Isolation of recombinant strains with enhanced pectinase production by protoplast fusion between Penicillium expansum and Penicillium griseoroseum
    (Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, 2007-01) Queiroz, Marisa Vieira de; Lana, Taís Guimarães; Gonçalves, Daniel Bonoto; Araújo, Elza Fernandes de; Brito, Admilson Toscano Ribeiro de; Varavallo, Maurilio Antonio
    Protoplast fusion between complementary auxotrophic and morphological mutant strains of Penicillium griseoroseum and P. expansum was induced by polyethylene glycol and calcium ions (Ca2+). Fusant strains were obtained in minimal medium and a prototrophic strain, possibly diploid, was chosen for haplodization with the fungicide benomyl. Different recombinant strains were isolated and characterized for occurrence of auxotrophic mutations and pectinolytic enzyme production. The fusant prototrophic did not present higher pectinase production than the parental strains, but among 29 recombinants analyzed, four presented enhanced enzyme activities. The recombinant RGE27, which possesses the same auxotrophic and morphologic mutations as the P. griseoroseum parental strain, presented a considerable increase in polygalacturonase (3-fold) and pectin lyase production (1.2-fold).
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    Development of a transformation system for Penicillium brevicompactum based on the Fusarium oxysporum nitrate reductase gene
    (Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, 2005-04) Queiroz, Marisa Vieira de; Pereira, Jorge Fernando; Ribeiro, Ronney Adriano; Soares, Marcos Antônio; Ribeiro, João Batista; Araújo, Elza Fernandes de; Varavallo, Maurílio Antônio
    Penicillium brevicompactum is a filamentous fungus that presents a potential for industrial use due its efficient pectinase production. A heterologous transformation system was developed for P. brevicompactum based on the complementation of a nitrate reductase mutant. Nitrate reductase mutants were obtained by resistance to chlorate in a rate of 23.24% when compared to other mutations that lead to the chlorate resistance. One mutant named 4457-18X was chosen for the transformation experiments with the pNH24 vector containing de Fusarium oxysporum nitrate reductase gene. A frequency of approximately 3 transformants/µg DNA was obtained using the circular vector pNH24. This frequency was multiplied about 10 fold using the linearized vector with the Xba I restriction enzyme. Southern analysis of the transformants showed a tendency of the linearized vector to diminish the number of integrations compared to the use of the circular vector. The integration was random and stable in the analyzed transformants. The establishment of a transformation system for P. brevicompactum is fundamental for genetic manipulation of this microorganism.
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    Detecção de Listeria, Salmonella e Klebsiella em serviço de alimentação hospitalar
    (Revista de Nutrição, 2004-07) Pinto, Uelinton Manoel; Cardoso, Rodrigo Rezende; Vanetti, Maria Cristina Dantas
    A presença de Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella sp. e Klebsiella sp. em dietas enterais e em ambientes, utensílios e equipamentos de preparo de alimentos em serviço de alimentação hospitalar, foi o objetivo desta pesquisa. A contaminação de ambientes, utensílios e equipamentos de preparo de alimentos em serviço de alimentação hospitalar por Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella sp. e Klebsiella sp. foi avaliada em 50 amostras coletadas pela técnica de swab. Quatro amostras de dietas enterais também foram analisadas. Colônias típicas de bactérias do gênero Listeria foram isoladas de dieta enteral em ágar Oxford e a identificação da espécie L. monocytogenes foi feita por testes bioquímicos e imunológicos.  A presença de Salmonella foi detectada em dieta enteral e identificada como S. rissen por sorologia. Pela relevância como agente causador de infecções hospitalares, bactérias do gênero Klebsiella foram pesquisadas e isoladas em ágar seletivo MacConkey-inositol-carbenicilina. K. pneumoniae foi encontrada em equipamento e utensílio e K. oxytoca em ambiente, equipamento e dieta enteral. Os isolados de L. monocytogenesapresentaram resistência apenas ao antibiótico cefoxitina e os do gênero Klebsiella foram resistentes a ampicilina e amoxilina. S. rissen foi sensível aos 13 antibióticos avaliados. A contaminação de 11% das amostras analisadas com pelo menos um dos patógenos, alerta para a necessidade de implantação de um rigoroso sistema de controle de qualidade nas áreas de manipulação dos alimentos, a fim de aumentar a segurança alimentar dos pacientes hospitalizados.
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    Production of pectin lyase by Penicillium griseoroseum in bioreactors in the absence of inducer
    (Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, 2001-04) Passos, Flávia Maria Lopes; Passos, Frederico José Vieira; Silva, Daison Olzany; Piccoli-Valle, Roberta Hilsdorf
    Penicillium griseoroseum was grown in bioreactors on mineral medium supplemented with yeast extract and sucrose. The influence of inoculum and carbon source concentrations, aeration and pH on pectin lyase (PL) production, as well as the capacity of P. griseoroseum to produce PL when grown on sugar cane syrup as carbon source were evaluated. Inoculum concentration did not influence PL production. Production was higher in non-aerated than in aerated medium. The best results were obtained using 60 mM sucrose at pH 6.3-7.2. Production using cane syrup 25% (v/v), without yeast extract supplement, was equal to that obtained under the conditions cited above.
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    Qualidade microbiológica de leite cru refrigerado e isolamento de bactérias psicrotróficas proteolíticas
    (Food Science and Technology, 2006-07) Martins, Maurílio Lopes; Pinto, Cláudia Lúcia de Oliveira; Vanetti, Maria Cristina Dantas
    A estocagem do leite cru refrigerado na fonte de produção reduz perdas econômicas por atividade acidificante de bactérias mesofílicas, mas permite a seleção de bactérias psicrotróficas relacionadas a problemas tecnológicos e econômicos na indústria de laticínios. Com o objetivo de avaliar a qualidade microbiológica de leite cru, foram analisadas amostras provenientes de tanques de refrigeração individual, coletivos e do silo de uma indústria processadora de leite. Além disso, bactérias psicrotróficas proteolíticas foram isoladas do leite cru refrigerado e caracterizadas quanto à reação ao Gram e fermentação de glicose. O leite cru refrigerado mantido no silo industrial não atendeu ao padrão microbiológico legal e apresentou contagens microbianas significativamente superiores às do leite mantido em tanques individuais ou coletivos. Diferença significativa na contaminação por mesófilos e psicrotrófilos proteolíticos e não proteolíticos e por Pseudomonas foi observada entre as amostras coletadas nos tanques de refrigeração e no silo industrial. A microbiota Gram-negativa foi isolada com maior freqüência, especialmente bactérias Gram-negativas não fermentadoras de glicose.
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    Padrão de integração de pAN7-1 em mutantes de Magnaporthe grisea com patogenicidade alterada em arroz
    (Summa Phytopathologica, 2010-01) Queiroz, Marisa Vieira de; Marchi, Carlos Eduardo; Brommonschenkel, Sérgio Hermínio; Borges, Mírian de Freitas; Mizubuti, Eduardo Seiti G.
    Ensaios foram conduzidos para verificar a presença, o número de cópias e de sítios de integração de pAN7-1 no genoma de mutantes de M. grisea I-22 com patogenicidade alterada em arroz. Foram analisados T41, T93, T251 (gerados por mutagênese REMI) e T108 (oriundo de mutagênese convencional), os quais exibiram diferentes fenótipos mutantes. O DNA total desses mutantes foi submetido à reação em cadeia de polimerase (PCR) e às análises de hibridização com o vetor (Southern blot). A presença de pAN7-1 no genoma de todos os mutantes foi confirmada por PCR. Segundo as análises de Southern blot, T41 exibiu duas integrações do vetor, ambas na forma de cópia única. No genoma de T93 também foram detectados dois sítios de inserção de pAN7-1, um dos quais envolvendo múltiplas cópias do vetor. Os resultados indicaram a presença de apenas uma cópia do vetor em um único sítio nos genomas de T108 e T251. O padrão de integração em T251 foi o único a sugerir a ocorrência de evento REMI. As diferenças quanto ao tamanho dos fragmentos com homologia a pAN7-1 refletiram a possível aleatoriedade dos eventos de integração no genoma de M. grisea. Os resultados evidenciaram o potencial de REMI para a mutagênese insercional de M. grisea, quando conduzida com pAN7-1 e HindIII
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    Structural organization of polygalacturonase-encoding genes from Penicillium griseoroseum
    (Genetics and Molecular Biology, 2002) Ribon, Andréa O. B.; Queiroz, Marisa V.; Araújo, Elza F. de
    The pectinolytic system of Penicillium griseoroseum has been studied as a model to investigate aspects of gene organization in filamentous fungi. Here we show that the endopolygalacturonase-coding genes previously isolated exist as single copies in the fungus genome. DNA blot analysis revealed the presence of corresponding genes in other Penicillium species, although only one or two genes were found in opposition to the endoPG gene family reported for other filamentous fungi. The nucleotide and amino acid sequences of Penicillium PG genes of retrieved from data banks were compared for intron length and number, codon usage, and consensus sequences for translation initiation sites. The introns are conserved in the same position, although there was no conservation of their nucleotide sequences. Other sequence features resemble those seen in Aspergillus and Neurospora genes
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    Fermentation of sweet whey by recombinant Escherichia coli KO11
    (Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, 2000-07) Leite, Amarildo Ricardo; Guimarães, Walter Vieira; Araújo, Elza Fernandes de; Silva, Daison Olzany
    The production of ethanol from sweet whey using the recombinant Escherichia coli KO11, in batch fermentation, was tested. The maximum ethanol yield was reached after 96h, representing only 38% of the theoretical yield. The supplementation of whey with components of LB broth increased the maximum yield to 96% in 72h. The addition of 0.5% yeast extract to whey resulted in maximum yield of 74% at 36h and it increased to over 100% when yeast extract and trace metals solution (Fe++, Mn++ and Zn++) were added.
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    Polymorphism in the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) of the ribosomal DNA of 26 isolates of ectomycorrhizal fungi
    (Genetics and Molecular Biology, 2002) Gomes, Eliane A.; Kasuya, Maria Catarina M.; Barros, Everaldo G. de; Borges, Arnaldo C.; Araújo, Elza F.
    Inter- and intraspecific variation among 26 isolates of ectomycorrhizal fungi belonging to 8 genera and 19 species were evaluated by analysis of the internal transcribed sequence (ITS) of the rDNA region using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). The ITS region was first amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with specific primers and then cleaved with different restriction enzymes. Amplification products, which ranged between 560 and 750 base pairs (bp), were obtained for all the isolates analyzed. The degree of polymorphism observed did not allow proper identification of most of the isolates. Cleavage of amplified fragments with the restriction enzymes Alu I, Hae III, Hinf I, and Hpa II revealed extensive polymorphism. All eight genera and most species presented specific restriction patterns. Species not identifiable by a specific pattern belonged to two genera: Rhizopogon (R. nigrescens, R. reaii, R. roseolus, R. rubescens and Rhizopogon sp.), and Laccaria (L. bicolor and L. amethystea). Our data confirm the potential of ITS region PCR-RFLP for the molecular characterization of ectomycorrhizal fungi and their identification and monitoring in artificial inoculation programs.